BC News: 6th August 1914

Kelowna Record 6th August 1914*

GERMAN AGGRESSION HAS SET EUROPE ABLAZE WITH WAR

Great Britain, France, Russia, Belgium and Servia arrayed against Germany and Austria.
German Land forces making for France and invading Russia.

The only topic of conversion just now is the war and every available source of information is eagerly besieged for new. Telegram continue to pour in at intervals but for the most part these are mere guesses to the real state of affairs. The telegraph and telephone services of Europe are practically all in the hands of the various powers, and the censorship exercised is so strict that little information is allowed to leak out as to movements of the armies and navies involved in the conflict.

From the mass of contradictory material which is being passed around it is difficult to sift out much which bears the stamp of truth.

Sir Edward Grey

Sir Edward Grey

The ultimatum sent to Germany by the British government to respect the neutrality of Belgium expired at midnight Tuesday, and on Wednesday definite news was received that both Germany and England had declared war

In a statement made in the House of Commons Tuesday Premier Asquith stated that Sir Edward Grey had sent to the British Ambassador in Berlin a telegram informing him of the appeal of King Albert of Belgium for diplomacy intervention. He proceeded to state that Belgium has categorically refused to sanction the flagrant violation of the “Law of Nations” and announced that the German government had been asked to give satisfactory reply by midnight on the question of Belgium neutrality.

“The British government,” said Premier Asquith, “had requested that the neutrality of Belgium be respected by Germany and has asked an immediate reply. The German ministry has notified Belgium that as that country had declined the well-intended offer of Germany it is necessary to carry it out by the force of arms.”

Continuing, the Premier said that Germany had assured Belgium that it would compensate her for any damage that it might suffer by march of troops across Belgian territory.

Herbert Asquith

Herbert Asquith

“The British government can not regard this as in any way satisfactory. We must protect Belgium’s neutrality to prevent what means to her a question of life or death, the advance of troops through Belgium” said the Premier.

Germany had declared war on Russia some days ago after an ultimatum regarding the latter’s intentions regarding her troops.

As soon as war between Great Britain and Germany was announced the flood of telegrams was suddenly stopped and only the most meagre reports are allowed to pass.

The intensest excitement prevails as to the whereabouts of the British fleet which sailed out under sealed orders and which has not been heard of since except in vague telegrams which throw very little light upon it. Reports were received earlier in the week of a great naval engagement in the North Sea in which seven German vessels were supposed to have sunk and two British.

Two German forces are converging from the east in the direction of the French capital. German troops crossed the frontier into France near the village of Cirey between Nancy and Straasburg and are reported repulsed with heavy loss.

Military observers believe the German plan is to attempt to vanquish France in the interval before Russia will be able to create serious trouble on her northern frontier. It is supposed complete Russian mobilisation will take three weeks.

A report at Liege, France, says that 20,000 German troops crossed the French frontier near Nancy and were repulsed with heavy loss.

There are 14,000,000 bushels of wheat in Canadian granaries and the crop that is being harvested is estimated at 175,000,000 bushels. The number of horses suitable for military work is not large. The Canadian contingent probably would use up the available supply.

KelownaRecord/1914-08-06#1

* Transcript of article (Images added)

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BC News 6th August 1914 – Summary

Kelowna Record 6th August 1914*

Summary of the news to date

  • France is invading Germany with two corps numbering 55000 men with heavy artillery.
  • Hurrying through with ammunition and military supplies for the arsenal at Esquimalt, six trains were made up in Quebec and hurried West, stopping only where necessary.
  • A squad of German cavalry that had invaded France to destroy telegraphic lines early Tuesday, north of Nancy, was completely annihilated fifty being killed and seventy-five being taken prisoners. The Germans stood the French off for an hour but there ammunition was finally exhausted and those who were left had to surrender. The German commander blew his brains out rather than yield his sword. At Velleticot, the Germans crossed the border three times but were repulsed.
  • The British Parliament has voted $525,000,000 for war purposes which is expected to last six weeks.
  • Germany is reported to have seized all islands off Finland and defeated the Russian fleet in those waters.
  • Canada is raising 20,000 for service abroad and these will proceed across the Atlantic at the earliest possible date.
  • A bill was introduced into the German Imperial parliament this week providing the appropriation of $1,250,000,000 to meet the expenses of the war.
  • President Wilson has issued a proclamation of neutrality.
  • Marshall Law has been proclaimed throughout
  • The Canadian Militia frustrated an attempt on the part of German sympathisers to blow up the Welland(?) Canal.
  • Premier Asquith yesterday announced that the British Government would ask for another credit of $500,000,000. It was officially stated that Viscount Morley and John Burns had resigned from the cabinet.
  • Reginald McKenna, the Home Secretary, has announced that twenty-one spies had been arrested in the British Isles during the past twenty-four hours, chiefly in important naval centres.
  • Diplomatic despatches indicate Sweden will join Great Britain, France and Russia, if she finds herself unable to remain neutral.
  • An order has been issued giving the government control of all the rail roads in Great Britain.
  • An Ottawa dispatch states that German warships are shelling Glace Bay in an endeavour to get control of communication between Canada and Great Britain.
  • Lord Kitchener has been recalled from Egypt to take command of the British land forces, with General French as his Chief of Staff.
  • The German army is reported to have been repulsed with heavy losses at Liege by the Belgians.
  • Italy has refused Germany’s request to go to her aid and has repeated her determination to remain neutral.
  • Vague rumours have repeatedly come to hand of a great naval engagement in the North sea off the coasts of England and Scotland.

Kelowna Record/date/1914-08-06#1

* transcript